The Basics To Have A Responsive Web Design
There are a number of screens in which the website can be accessed and a simple solution to the challenge of effectively loading a website on any screen is by having a RWD or Responsive Web Design. Be it on tablet, desktop or mobile screen, a responsive website is able to automatically adjust to the configuration.
On the other hand, RWD is actually deeper and is involving more applications of certain principles and these are listed below:
Fluid Grid – this is essential as it provides a flexible structure to your page by using relative units similar to percentages based dimensions instead of pixels. Websites are defined in terms of pixels due to the reason that they are traditionally viewed on desktop computers but in this modern day where we have tablets and smart phones, websites can now be accessed on different platforms.
The site looks bigger on desktop computer’s screens whereas its size is shrinking when it is viewed on a smart phone device. Because of this, it is recommended to build a responsive website on basis of a grid system.
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Fluid grid basically flows naturally within the dimensions of which screen the content is being displayed without making adjustments for various screen sizes. Under this, the max size of layout for design is specified and the grid is then divided to columns. After that, each and every element is allotted in their proportional height and width on basis of percentage instead of pixel based dimension. Basically, this what allowed a website to easily adapt to a screen where it is being viewed.
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Fluid Images – for the images, it is important that it is able to adjust itself in the specification of fluid grid. This could be done by way of adding single line of CSS code. What this will do is notifying the browser that the images can be as big as the value specified and can’t be stretched. In case that the parent content to which the image is nested is smaller than pixel value, the image must accordingly shrink itself.
Breakpoints – this actually allows the content’s layout to change at predefined points. In general, it is recommended to add breakpoints at stage where sentence breaks. The major breakpoints must be chosen accordingly when the layout is changing significantly.
Desktop or Mobile First – in this approach, it involves designing a site for smart phone first and taking it to tablets and desktops. But mobile devices actually have more applications and features similar to touch screen, GPS and the likes. And whether you believe it or not, utmost care is a important even in the designing part.